May 26, 2021
For the month of April, jobless rates were lower in 12 states and the District of Columbia and was unchanged in 38 states based on a report by the Bureau of Labour Statistics (BLS). Forty-eight states and the District experienced jobless rate decreases from last year, 2 states had little or no change. The national unemployment rate was 6.1% over the month, little changed over the month.
Moreover, “nonfarm payroll employment increased in 9 states and the District of Columbia, decreased in 2 states, and was essentially unchanged in 39 states in April 2021. Over the year, nonfarm payroll employment increased in all states and the District,” as stated by the BLS.
Notably, Hawaii exhibited the highest jobless rate of 8.5% in April. Whereas the rates in California was 8.3%, and New Mexico and New York were 8.2% each. Nebraska, New Hampshire, South Dakota, and Utah had the lowest rates, 2.8% each. In total, 27 states experienced unemployment rates lower than the U.S. figure of 6.1%, 11 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 12 states experienced unemployment rates that were not noticeably different from that of the nation.
For April, Rhode Island had the largest over-the-month unemployment rate decrease by 0.7 percentage point, followed by Hawaii (-0.6 point) and Virginia (-0.4 point). Thirty-eight states had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant changes.
The largest unemployment rate decline from April 2020 was observed in Nevada (-21.5 percentage points). The next largest over-the-year rate decline was recorded in Michigan (-18.7 percentage points) with an additional 10 states experiencing rate decreases of at least 10.0 points or more.
Nonfarm Payroll Employment
In April 2021, nonfarm payroll jobs rose in 9 states, fell in 2 states, while remaining stable in 39 states and the District of Columbia. California (+101,800), New York (+29,200), and Colorado (+17,000) had the most employment growth. The highest percentage changes occurred in New Hawaii (+1.8%) and District of Columbia and Vermont (+0.7% each). Whereas employment declined in Michigan (-19,200, or -0.5%) and Alabama (-12,400, or -0.6%).
Nonfarm payroll jobs rose in all states and the District of Columbia throughout the year. California (+1,302,100), New York (+1,029,800), and Texas (+1,007,100). Michigan (+21.1%), Nevada (+17.6%), and Rhode Island (+17.1%) saw the greatest percentage increases.
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