Fed maintains federal funds rate despite elevated inflation

On September 22, 2021, the Federal Reserve held its benchmark interest rate at 0 and 0.25% after the Federal Open Market Committee concluded its two-day meeting. This target range is expected to be maintained until labor market conditions have reached levels consistent with the Committee’s assessments.

FOMC highlighted advancements in vaccines, and strong policy backing, indicators of economic activity, and employment have continued to improve. The industries most impacted by the pandemic have improved but have not entirely recovered. Inflation has trended upwards, owing primarily to transitory causes, while overall financial conditions remain accommodative, which is due in part to the support of policy measures to stimulate the economy and the supply of credit to US households and businesses.

The Federal Reserve cites, “the path of the economy will depend on the course of the virus. Progress on vaccinations will likely continue to reduce the effects of the public health crisis on the economy, but risks to the economic outlook remain.” The Committee’s long-term aim is to maintain maximum employment and inflation at 2%, and it aims to keep monetary policy accommodative until these goals are reached.

Furthermore, the Federal Reserve intends to increase its holdings of Treasury securities by at least $80 billion a month and agency mortgage-backed securities by at least $40 billion per month until significant additional progress is made toward the Committee’s maximum employment and price stability goals. Furthermore, these asset purchases promote smooth market functioning and accommodative financial conditions, thus facilitating the flow of credit to households and businesses. The Committee will continue to monitor the implications of incoming information for the economic outlook and is prepared to adjust the stance of monetary policy if risks emerge that could impede the attainment of the Committee’s goals.


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