Date: June 28, 2018
Brent oil prices increased by 5.41% or US$3.97, as prices rose this week. Oil traded on June 28, 2018 at a price of $77.41 per barrel relative to US$73.44 last week. Brent oil began the year at US$68.07 per barrel.
87 Octane prices decreased week over week, by 0.15% (JMD$0.20). Additionally 90 Octane also decreased by 0.15% or (JMD$0.20) week over week. 87 Octane and 90 Octane opened the year at J$121.04 and J$123.88 respectively and now trades at J$133.58 and J$136.42 per litre respectively.
Figure 1: Petrojam, U.S. Gulf Coast Conventional Gasoline Regular and Brent Crude Oil 1 Year Price History
This Week in Petroleum
For the period 2017 to 2018, U.S. refinery capacity remained relatively unchanged
According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) recently released Refinery Capacity Report “As of January 1, 2018, U.S. operable atmospheric crude distillation capacity totaled 18.6 million barrels per calendar day (b/cd), a slight decrease of 0.1% since beginning of 2017.”
“Annual operable crude oil distillation unit (CDU) capacity had increased each of the five years before 2018 and has remained greater than 18 million b/cd since January 1, 2016. The capacities of secondary units that support heavy crude oil processing and production of ultra-low sulfur diesel and gasoline, including thermal cracking (coking), catalytic hydrocracking, and hydrotreating/desulfurization, increased slightly from year-ago levels. These downstream capacity increases are primarily the result of debottlenecking–when refineries increase the throughput of existing infrastructure–rather than large new builds.”
“Methodological reclassifications drove a reduction in the number of operating refineries in EIA’s latest report as of the beginning of the year. According to the Refinery Capacity Report, the total number of operable refineries recorded in the report decreased from 141 on January 1, 2017, to 135 on January 1, 2018. These changes to the survey data include merging four refineries previously considered separate in survey data into two and the re-categorization of two refineries from idle to shut down. Consequently, the decrease in number of operating refineries does not necessarily represent a meaningful shift in U.S. refinery operating capacity.”
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