Closing digital access gap would provide big boost to Caribbean economies

December 12, 2022

The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) reports that the Caribbean’s digital gap could boost the region’s gross domestic product by 6 to 12 percent over the medium term and assist with a great Covid-19 recovery.

The report looked at economic growth in the region, with a focus on productivity – a key driver of long-term economic growth and an opportunity for the Caribbean to get to the level of similar economies across the world.

“Access to faster internet is more than just streaming Netflix and Zoom calls,” said David Rosenblatt, the Regional Economic Advisor for the IDB’s Caribbean Department. “For the Caribbean, a modern and robust digital and telecommunications infrastructure is a connection with powerful global trends that are driving growth. It is the key to unlock faster productivity growth for decades to come.”

The report estimated that the benefits could be around 2 to 50 times greater than the estimated cost of implementing digital infrastructure.

Through digitalization, the Caribbean can close the development gap with its comparable economies and avoid experiencing negative growth for long periods. During the past five decades, the region has experienced negative growth rates averaging under 1 percent and is vulnerable to global economic shocks and the region has been hard hit by the COVID-19 pandemic.

The report includes estimated fixed and mobile broadband gaps between countries and advanced economies grouped in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. For instance, Trinidad and Tobago has a fixed broadband gap of 9.2 percentage points against the OECD, The Bahamas’ gap is 11.2 percentage points, and Jamaica’s 24 percentage points. Except for Uruguay, all Latin American and Caribbean countries have positive gaps relative to the OECD.

The report estimated that a 10 percent boost in digital infrastructure investment could boost the region’s gross domestic product by 3.2 percent and boost productivity by around 2.6 percent over six years. For nearly half of Caribbean economies, digital investments could yield cumulative GDP increases in double digits, which the report calls “transformative improvements.”

When looking at the cost-benefit ratio – the so-called “multiplier effects”– of infrastructure investments, the report found that for The Bahamas, Trinidad and Tobago, and Barbados the potential benefit in terms of the cumulative positive impact on growth could be between 23 and 58 times the associated costs.

Note: “Gap” refers to the cost of closing the estimated digital infrastructure gap relative to Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development economies. Figures expressed in percentage points are as of the end-2019 GDP. The multiplier is defined as the estimated GDP growth impact of closing these gaps relative to their costs.

Governments can play a big role in facilitating more digital investments, including updating regulatory frameworks for issues such as “rights of ways”, spectrum allocation and universal service funds. The report calls for governments to establish a close relationship between digital agendas and national connectivity plans.

The IDB publishes a Broadband Index Report annually for 65 countries, looking at public policies, regulations, infrastructure, and application and training. While some Caribbean economies rank high when compared to Latin American countries, the report notes, it lags with lead countries such as Sweden, the United States, India, Iceland, and Australia.

“If this recent crisis has taught us anything, it is that the ability to communicate, transact, and reach clients and markets virtually has never before been more critical,” the report says. “The future will reward economies that can do so most effectively.”


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