Date: March 29, 2019
This report combines estimates for January and February 2019, due to the recent partial government shutdown. February estimates are limited to personal income while January estimates include both personal income and outlays measures. Estimates of outlays for February will be available with the next release on April 29, 2019.
Personal Income and Outlays, January 2019
According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis “Real DPI decreased 0.2 percent in January, and real PCE increased 0.1 percent. The PCE price index decreased 0.1 percent. Personal income decreased $22.9 billion (-0.1 percent) in January according to estimates released today. Disposable personal income decreased $34.9 billion (-0.2 percent), and personal consumption expenditures increased $8.6 billion (0.1 percent). Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.1 percent.” The BEA also noted the decrease in January personal income primarily reflected decreases in personal dividend income, farm proprietors’ income, and personal interest income that were partially offset by increases in social security benefit payments (related to cost of living adjustments) and other government social benefits to persons, which includes the Child Tax Credit and the Affordable Care Act refundable tax credit.
In January, real PCE rose $15.6 billion which revealed a $20.8 billion increase in spending for services that was partially offset by a decline of $7.7 billion in spending for goods. Within services, the largest contributor to the increase was spending for financial services and insurance. Within goods, new motor vehicles was the leading contributor to the decrease.
Personal outlays improved $6.3 billion in January, while personal saving was $1.19 trillion in January and the personal saving rate, personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income, was 7.5 percent
Personal Income, February 2019
Personal income climbed $42.0 billion or 0.2 percent in February, while disposable personal income (DPI) rose $31.3 billion (0.2 percent); Real DPI is unavailable for February.
The increase in personal income in February primarily revealed increases in wages and salaries, government social benefits to persons, and proprietors’ income that were partially offset by the decline in personal interest income.
Chart Displaying personal income price change
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